Historia

Skazany za „szerzenie katolicyzmu”. Ks. Józef Kuczyński

35 lat temu na Ukrainie zmarł ks. Józef Kuczyński, duszpasterz Polaków w Związku Radzieckim. Aresztowany przez NKWD, oskarżony o antysowiecką działalność i „szerzenie katolicyzmu”, spędził w łagrach 17 lat.

Przyszedł na świat 15 lutego 1904 r. we wsi Buczki na Wołyniu. Ukończył szkołę średnią dla nauczycieli w Żytomierzu. W 1924 r. przekroczył granicę i w Polsce zdał eksternistycznie maturę. Wstąpił do Wyższego Seminarium Duchownego w Łucku, w 1930 r. przyjął święcenia kapłańskie.

Początkowo pracował jako katecheta w szkołach powszechnych w Łucku. Był też kapelanem Wołyńskiej Chorągwi Harcerzy ZHP w stopniu harcmistrza. W 1935 r. wyjechał do Francji i rozpoczął studia socjologiczne w paryskim Institut Catholique.

Po uzyskaniu doktoratu powrócił do Polski. Do wybuchu wojny pracował jako diecezjalny sekretarz Katolickiego Stowarzyszenia Młodzieży w Łucku. Działał też w Diecezjalnym Instytucie Akcji Katolickiej. Pod koniec lat 30. pełnił funkcję kapelana wołyńskiego oddziału ZHP.

W czasie niemieckiej okupacji był proboszczem we wsi Szumbar pod Krzemieńcem, a później w Dederkałach. W 1943 r. organizował tam polską samoobronę podczas miejscowych pogromów ukraińskich, za co został odznaczony Krzyżem Walecznych. Brał też udział w ratowaniu Żydów.

Po zajęciu tych obszarów przez Armię Czerwoną w II poł. 1944 r., wyruszył z misją duszpasterską na tereny należące przed wojną do ZSRR. Od sierpnia do grudnia 1944 r. pracował w Krasiłowie. Prowadził swą działalność wśród ludności katolickiej w rejonie Charkowa, Dniepropietrowska i Kijowa, gdzie zainspirował miejscowych katolików do podjęcia starań o otwarcie kościoła.

W styczniu 1945 r. został aresztowany przez NKWD i trafił do więzienia w Kijowie, gdzie poddano go długotrwałemu śledztwu. Oskarżony o antysowiecką działalność w II RP i „szerzenie katolicyzmu”, na początku maja 1946 r. został skazany na karę 10 lat łagrów i osadzony w obozie na północnym Uralu.

Z początkiem 1947 r. został przeniesiony do obozu w Workucie, gdzie przez 7 lat pracował w kopalni węgla. W 1954 r. odzyskał częściowo wolność, zabroniono mu jednak opuszczać miasto. W latach 1956-58 pracował jako duszpasterz w Kazachstanie, gdzie aktywnie wspierał zesłanych tu Polaków.

W grudniu 1958 r. został ponownie aresztowany i skazany na pobyt w łagrach. Przebywał w obozie w obwodzie irkuckim. Na początku stycznia 1965 r. odzyskał wolność i wyjechał na Ukrainę, gdzie do śmierci pracował w tamtejszych parafiach. Od 1966 r. prowadził duszpasterstwo w Wierzbowcu na terenie diecezji kamienieckiej.

Ks. Józef Kuczyński zmarł 13 marca 1982 r. w Barze na Podolu.

Źródło: katolicy1844.republika.pl

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