Z kraju

Ujawniamy największy absurd w polskich muzeach!

Polskie muzeum może legalnie kupić broń w Niemczech, ale nie w Polsce. To absurd polskiego prawa – mówi Prawy.pl Paweł Zaniewski, prezes Stowarzyszenia Polskich Muzealników Prywatnych w rozmowie z Robertem Wyrostkiewiczem.

Największy absurd polskiego muzealnictwa?

– „Nie dotykać! Nie robić zdjęć!”. Poza tym sprawy związane z zakupem broni. W naszym kraju to paranoja totalna.

A w prywatnych muzeach można robić zdjęcia i dotykać eksponatów?

– Nie zawsze, ale często. W prywatnym muzeum to zależy od właściciela, ale przymierzanie hełmów czy trzymanie karabinów przez dzieciaki to nie jest odosobniony widok. To raczej norma. Muzea prywatne z założenia są bardzo blisko ludzi. Dostępność zależy jednak od eksponatu. U nas można dotykać, chociaż nie pozwalam na wygłupy z bronią palną, czy tym bardziej białą, ale raczej ze względu na bezpieczeństwo. Oczywiście są przedmioty, których szczególnie pilnuję, ale dotknąć można, tylko uprzedzam chętnych o konsekwencjach. No, a z zakazem robienia zdjęć to już w ogóle jest absurd. Może poza użyciem flesza w przypadku wrażliwych substancji organicznych. Tymczasem zakaz permanentny jest jakimś koszmarem rodem z PRL. Ponadto zakaz fotografowania jest niezgodny z prawem, wiele lat temu sądy wydały na ten temat orzeczenia. A jednak zdarzają się muzea, w których nie wolno fotografować.

To wróćmy do absurdów muzealnych…

– Masa pieniędzy jest „przejadana” na różne dziwne projekty, a nie wykonuje się kopii eksponatów, ba zamierają tzw. sklepiki muzealne; urzędnicy muzealni przychodzą do pracy, włączają komputery i zaczynają dzień od szukania dotacji na publikacje naukowe, badania nieinwazyjne… To wszystko ważne, ale samo muzeum, kontakt zwiedzającego z eksponatem, historia, przeżycie jej w muzeum przez ludzi, to wszystko jest często gdzieś na dalekim drugim planie.

Byłeś jednym z pionierów polskiego muzealnictwa prywatnego, zwłaszcza w sprawach związanych z bronią i amunicją w tych muzeach. Co się zmieniło przez ostatnie lata i ile mamy już w :Polsce prywatnych placówek muzealnych?

– Według stanu na 12 kwietnia br. w Polsce jest 329 jednostek prywatnych, w tym 12 kościelnych, 123 osób prawnych i 194 osób fizycznych. Ministerstwo Kultury i Dziedzictwa Narodowego podaje dane bez oddziałów. Wszystkich jednostek muzealnych jest 683. Jeśli chodzi o broń, to na szczęście nic się nie zmieniło. Muzea prywatne mogą posiadać sprawną broń i amunicję. Oczywiście każdy egzemplarz broni czy amunicji jest eksponatem, co oznacza, iż nie można zużywać amunicji na strzelnicy. Absurdem, który trwa od lat jest niemożność kupienia broni w Polsce, ale bez problemu można to zrobić na terenie Unii Europejskiej. W Polsce co najwyżej można dostać broń do muzeum jako darowiznę. Czyli mogę kupić broń np. w Niemczech, a nie mogę tej samej broni kupić w Polsce. Takie mamy prawo, a raczej interpretację zapisu ustawowego. Dla mnie słowo „gromadzić” użyte w ustawie oznacza każde legalne wejście w posiadanie. Dlaczego mogę kupić broń do muzeum w innym państwie UE, a nie mogę w Polsce? Nie wiem.

Jeszcze raz. Ty jako muzealnik możesz kupić legalnie broń w niemieckim sklepie, a w Polsce jest to dla Ciebie zakazane? To jakiś absurd.

– To prawda. Legalnie kupię i kupuje zresztą m.in. w Niemczech, nawet polska policja wystawi mi dokumenty transportowe, co zresztą sam wywalczyłem swojego czasu, a dostawca przywozi mi np. zamówionego kałasznikowa do domu. W Polsce jako muzealnik nie mogę pójść do sklepu i kupić jakiejkolwiek broni. Od czasu wymyślenia przeze mnie procedury sprowadzania broni z zagranicy do muzeów, a było to 10 lat temu, nie poprawiono prawa, co powoduje, że muzea mogą kupować broń za granicą, ale w Polsce mogą ją wyłącznie dostać w darowiźnie. Absurd, ale nie wiem czy ktoś to w końcu zmieni.

Czym się ostatnio zajmujesz?

– Obecnie zakończyliśmy tworzenie oprogramowania do ewidencjonowania zbiorów muzealnych. Program KUSTOSZ24 jest dedykowany zarówno muzeom założonym na mocy ustawy o muzeach, jak też, czego dotąd nie było, muzeom społecznym tzw. kolekcjonerskim. Mogą z niego korzystać takie jednostki jak izby historyczne w szkołach, prywatne skanseny, kolekcjonerzy. Każdy kto chce skatalogować swoje zbiory w sposób „muzealny”. KUSTOSZ24 jest programem opracowanym wyłącznie przez praktyków prywatnego muzealnictwa. Jest prosty, intuicyjny, spełnia wymogi ministerialne, a co najważniejsze jest tani. Poza tym staram się wywiązywać z obowiązków prezesa Stowarzyszenia Polskich Muzealników Prywatnych i pomagam wielu ludziom zakładać swoje własne prywatne muzea, często w domach zamieszkania, a nawet w internecie.

***

Paweł Zaniewski, dyrektor Muzeum Oręża i Techniki Użytkowej w Kobyłce, prezes Stowarzyszenia Polskich Muzealników Prywatnych (kontaktspmp@poczta.onet.pl), prezes Fundacji „Eksponat” , skarbnik Mazowieckiego Stowarzyszenia Historycznego „Exploratorzy.pl”.

Jeżeli podobają Ci się materiały publicystów portalu Prawy.pl wesprzyj budowę Europejskiego Centrum Pomocy Rodzinie im. św. Jana Pawła II poprzez dokonanie wpłaty na konto Fundacji SOS Obrony Poczętego Życia: 32 1140 1010 0000 4777 8600 1001. Pomóż leczyć ciężko chore dzieci.

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    – Odpowiedź
    – Zdziwienie. To jakiś absurd!
    🙂

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