Historia

Człowiek, który zdobył Łódź dla Dmowskiego

W latach 30. XX w. zbudował w Łodzi jedną z najsilniejszych struktur narodowych w Polsce. Przed wybuchem wojny był prezesem Stronnictwa Narodowego, w czasie okupacji działał w podziemiu. Aresztowany i torturowany przez Niemców, został rozstrzelany 20 marca 1942 r. w tzw. egzekucji stu w Zgierzu.

Kazimierz Kowalski urodził się 24 lutego 1902 r. w Balinie w powiecie tureckim. Po ukończeniu szkoły powszechnej uczęszczał do prywatnego gimnazjum K. Tomaszewskiego w Łodzi. W 1920 r. walczył jako ochotnik w wojnie polsko-bolszewickiej.

W latach 1922–1926 studiował prawo na Uniwersytecie Warszawskim, tam też związał się z ruchem narodowym, aktywnie uczestnicząc w pracach Związku Akademickiego „Młodzież Wszechpolska”. Po ukończeniu studiów rozpoczął praktykę aplikancką w sądzie w Lublinie.

W 1931 r. założył kancelarię adwokacką w Łodzi, poświęcając się jednocześnie pracy politycznej na rzecz Obozu Wielkiej Polski i Stronnictwa Narodowego. W 1933 r. został prezesem łódzkiego Zarządu Okręgu SN. Za jego sprawą podczas wyborów samorządowych w 1934 r. lista narodowa uzyskała niespotykaną wcześniej liczbę głosów, a sam Kowalski do 1938 r. zasiadał w Radzie Miejskiej Łodzi.

W lutym 1935 r. wszedł do Komitetu Głównego SN, a w październiku 1937 r. został prezesem Zarządu Głównego SN. Kilkakrotnie aresztowany za działalność polityczną przez sanacyjny reżim, opowiadał się przeciwko jakiejkolwiek współpracy z obozem Piłsudskiego, co stawiało go w opozycji do większości polityków Stronnictwa. W związku z tym na zjeździe Rady Narodowej SN w czerwcu 1939 r. podał się do dymisji.

Po wybuchu II wojny światowej przedostał się do Warszawy, gdzie wszedł do Narodowo-Ludowej Organizacji Wojskowej powstałej jako ośrodek konkurencyjny dla „oficjalnego” Stronnictwa Narodowego i jego organizacji wojskowej – NOW.

W grudniu 1941 r. aresztowany przez gestapo, został przewieziony do więzienia w Łodzi, gdzie w czasie śledztwa był wielokrotnie torturowany. 20 marca 1942 r. Kazimierz Kowalski został stracony w publicznej egzekucji 100 polskich zakładników w Zgierzu. Pozostawił żonę oraz trzech synów.

W uznaniu zasług Kazimierza Kowalskiego dla łódzkiego ruchu narodowego Zarząd Klubu im. Romana Dmowskiego ogłosił rok 2017 Rokiem Kazimierza Kowalskiego.

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